Mapping the Road to Proficiency

Thomas R. Guskey A table of specifications provides a travel guide to help teachers move students toward mastery of standards. PREMIUM RESOURCE When the standards movement began in the United States more than 15 years ago, most educators welcomed the idea. The enthusiasm that greeted the first set of clearly articulated student learning goals, published […]

Backward Design for Forward Action

Jay McTighe Looking back to the key concepts and essential questions that underlie content standards can help identify learning goals and provide the starting point for planning both curriculum and school improvement. Schools and districts today are working on two distinct kinds of improvement initiatives. One centers on the classroom—emphasizing effective instructional practices in teaching […]